Welcome to MandM, a New Zealand based philosophy of religion, ethics, theology, jurisprudence and social commentary blog and hosts of the XCXI edition of the Philosophers’ Carnival. We have a good selection of philosophy readings for your holiday perusal, so take a look around and enjoy.
Glenn Peoples brings us Hume on Induction and Miracles: Having a bob each way? posted at Say Hello to my Little Friend. Glenn draws attention to a conflict between Hume’s stance on induction on the one hand, and the kind of argument that he uses against miracles on the other.
Logic and Language
Bryan brings us Where the material conditional gets its truth conditions posted at Soul Physics. Bryan discusses how to explain, in simple terms, the truth table for the material conditional, in particular, why conditionals with a false antecedant are true.
Gualtiero Piccinini brings us Two Kinds of Concept: Implicit and Explicit posted at Brains. Gualtiero links to a paper he has written explicating the distinction between implicit and explicit concepts.
Jonathan Phillips brings us Could Paris Hilton Ever Be Happy? posted at Experimental Philosophy. Jonathan sets out the results of some research on attributions of evaluative and non-evaluative mental state concepts. The discussion already begun in the comments section is also worth reading.
Richard Chappell brings us Analyzing Act, Rule, and Global Consequentialism posted at PEA Soup. As the title suggests, Richard discusses the difference between act, rule and global consequentialism and offers critical comments on all three.
Philosophy of Law
Madeleine Flannagan brings us Religious Restraint and Public Policy: Part I, Part II, Part III, Part IV, Part V & Part IV posted at MandM. Madeleine provides a long and comprehensive discussion of the doctrine of religious restraint, the claim that in public policy debate support for a given policy is morally unjustified unless one has secular reasons for that policy. She argues that the doctrine entails an arbitrary and unjustified asymmetrical treatment of religious and secular beliefs.
Philosophy of Religion
Dominic Bnonn Tennant brings us Determinism and the authorship of sin in Calvinism and Arminianism posted at Dominic Bnonn Tennant. Bnonn discusses issues around theological determinism and God’s culpability for sin.
Jeremy Pierce brings us Satisficing Without Supererogation posted at Parableman. Jeremy attempts to reconcile the claim that there is no best possible world with the view that there is no supererogation. He argues that for a perfect being there is no superorogation and also that a perfect being is not required to create the best possible world as no best possible world exists.
Matthew Flannagan brings us Tooley, The Euthyphro Objection and Divine Commands: Part I and Part II posted at MandM. Matt gives a critical discussion of Michael Tooley’s version of the Euthyphro dilemma and some attempts to defend it.
Aaron Powell brings us A Marble Temple Shining on a Hill: Reality and Michael Walzer posted at Aaron Ross Powell. This is a criticism of Michael Walzer’s defence of communitarianism.
That concludes Philosophers’ Carnival XCXI. You can submit your blog article to the next edition using the Philosophers’ Carnival submission form. Past posts and future hosts can be found on the blog carnival index page.